General surgery as a specialty encompasses a wide variety of procedures as the treatment of disease, injury or other disorders. This may include further exploring the condition to make a diagnosis, taking a biopsy of a suspicious lump or removed diseased tissues or organs. In addition, your doctor may perform surgery to remove an obstruction, reposition structures to their normal position, redirect channels, or transplant tissue or whole organs. You may need surgery to implant mechanical or electronic devices; improve physical appearance; repair an area that has been injured or affected by trauma, overuse, or disease; restore proper function; or relieve pain.
General Surgery Providers
Types of Surgery
Unless it is an emergency, you and your doctor may discuss surgery as a way to correct your condition on diagnosis. This decision is based on careful evaluation of your personal medical history and subsequent medical tests to determine the exact diagnosis.
Depending on the diagnosis, a patient has several surgery options:
- Elective surgery: A procedure you choose to have, which may not necessarily be essential to continue a good quality of life. An example would be to have an unsightly mole or wart removed.
- Required surgery: A procedure that needs to be done to ensure a healthy quality of life in the future. An example would be having kidney stones removed if other forms of medication and treatments are not working. Required surgery, unlike emergency surgery, does not usually have to be done immediately.
- Urgent or emergency surgery: This type of surgery is done because of an urgent, possibly life-threatening, medical condition, such as acute appendicitis or trauma.
Methods of Surgery
With technical advances today, surgery does not necessarily mean large incisions and lengthy recovery times. Depending on the type of surgery, there are several surgery methods that may be performed:
- Open surgery
- Minimally invasive surgery